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Piper nigrum - Marica, Black pepper

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Black pepper

Black pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn. When fresh and fully mature, it is about 5 mm in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes.


Improves Digestion, Vitiligo, Skin disease, Peptic Ulcers, Asthma, Indigestion.

Parts Used

Seeds, leaves.

Chemical Composition

It contains globulol, α-pinene, β-caryophyllene and α-terpinene.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Eddemunchi, Eddemunci
Hindi Chocamirch, Filfilgird
Malayalam Cattu-molagoi, Kolakam
Tamil Aguttam, Akuttam
Telugu Maarichamu, Maricamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Cavyam, Dhanwantari
English Black pepper, Madagascar pepper


Reference:Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Katu (pungent)


Laghu (light), Teekshna (strong, piercing)


Ushna (hot)


Katu (pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Alternative Oblong Leaf Arrangement is Alternate-spiral



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White, yellow The small flowers are in dense slender spikes of about 50 blossoms each


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong pod 5 mm in diameter Seeds upto 1 Fruiting throughout the year {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Aṣṭāṇgāvaleha, Bilvādileha, Trikatu churna, Chandrapraha vati, Marichadi vati, Tribhuvana kirti rasa, Lohaasava [3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings, Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the hot and humid lowland tropics, where it grows best at elevations up to 500 metres, but can be grown up to 2,000 metres.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical region, Moist region, At hot regions.

Photo Gallery


External Links