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Piper nigrum - Marica, Black pepper

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Black pepper

Black pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn. When fresh and fully mature, it is about 5 mm in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes.

Uses

Improves Digestion, Vitiligo, Skin disease, Peptic Ulcers, Asthma, Indigestion.

Parts Used

Seeds, leaves.

Chemical Composition

It contains globulol, α-pinene, β-caryophyllene and α-terpinene.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Eddemunchi, Eddemunci
Hindi Chocamirch, Filfilgird
Malayalam Cattu-molagoi, Kolakam
Tamil Aguttam, Akuttam
Telugu Maarichamu, Maricamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Cavyam, Dhanwantari
English Black pepper, Madagascar pepper


Properties

Reference:Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Katu (pungent)

Guna

Laghu (light), Teekshna (strong, piercing)

Veerya

Ushna (hot)

Vipaka

Katu (pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Climber

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Alternative Oblong Leaf Arrangement is Alternate-spiral

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White, yellow The small flowers are in dense slender spikes of about 50 blossoms each

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong pod 5 mm in diameter Seeds upto 1 Fruiting throughout the year {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings, Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the hot and humid lowland tropics, where it grows best at elevations up to 500 metres, but can be grown up to 2,000 metres.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical region, Moist region, At hot regions.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links