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Piper longum - Pippali

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Pipli plant

Long pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae. and cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. Long pepper has a taste similar to, but hotter than that of its close relative Piper nigrum - from which black, green and white pepper are obtained.


Headache, Toothache, Asthma, Bronchitis, Cholera, Coma, Cough, Diarrhea, Epilepsy, Fever, Stomachache, Stroke, Indigestion, Respiratory disorder, Pain abdomen, Worms, Hoarseness of voice.

Parts Used

Roots, Dried spikes.

Chemical Composition

Coumaperine, methoxyphenyl, pentenoyl piperidine, piperolactam A, methylenedioxyphenyl, pentadienyl pirrolidine, methylenedioxyphenyl, pentenyl, pirrolidine, methylene dioxyphenyl, nonadienyl, pyrrolidine [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Hippali, Kandan Lippili
Hindi Pipli
Malayalam Tippali
Tamil Tippili
Telugu Pippallu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Pippali, Magadhi
English Long Pepper, Indian long pepper


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)


Sheeta (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Ovate-cordate Leaves are 6.3 to 9.0 cm, cordate, broadly ovate or oblong-oval, dark green and shining above, margin entire, 7 nerves arise from the base, nerves impressed; petiole 1-3 cm long.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 1 to 3 inch long Yellow 5-20 Flowers are monoceous and male and female flowers are borne on different plants


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fleshy 7–10 mm fruit is ripes it attains red color and when it dries it attains black color many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Aṣṭāṇgāvaleha, Trikatu churna, Guda pippali, Lohaasava [3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Long pepper is propagated through stem/vine cuttings at the beginning of rainy season. However, it can be easily propagated through the terminal stem cuttings obtained from one year old growth and 3-5 internodes.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, At meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


External Links