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Caesalpinia bonduc - Latākarañja

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Guilandina bonduc is a climbing plant with stems up to 15 metres long. That are usually armed with robust prickles. The plant is commonly used as a medicinal herb in the areas where it grows, being mainly harvested from the wild. The seeds are often sold in local markets. The plant is occasionally cultivated for its seed oil.


Malaria, Diabetes, Stomach disorders, Rheumatism, Cough, Fever, Headache, Chest pain, Jaundice, Headache, Chest pain, Diarrhoea, Skin eruptions, Asthma, Internal blood clots[1].

Parts Used

Seed, Leaf, Root[1].

Chemical Composition

Seeds contain bitter substance phytosterenin, bonducin, saponin, phytosterol, fixed oil, starch and sucrose. Seeds also contain α, β, γ, δ and ζ caesalpins.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಗಜ್ಜೆಗ ಬಳ್ಳಿ Gajjega balli, ಗಜ್ಜಿಗೆಕಾಯಿ Gajjigekaayi
Hindi Karanja, Karanjuaa, Kaantaa Karanj
Malayalam Kalamchikuru, Kaalanchi, Kazhinch - Kai
Tamil Kajha shikke, Kalichchikkaai
Telugu Gachchakaay
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi Karanjwa
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kuberākṣa
English Bonduc Nut, Fever Nut



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta, Kaṣāya


Laghu, Rūkṣa






Vātahara, Kaphahara, Tridoṣahara






Kind Shape Feature
Paripinnate Oblong Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiral



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5 Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and axillary pseudo racemes


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong pod Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled Inflated pod Seeds upto 5 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Āragvadhādi Kvātha Cūrṇa, Kuberākṣādi Vaṭī, Chiraakin, Ayush-64, Dhanadanayanaadi Kashayam, Putikaranjaasavam[1]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Softwood cuttings, Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of lowland tropical areas. Succeeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Thickets, Roadsides, Near seashores, Coastal habitats, Back mangal, Disturbed sites.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.408, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-14
  3. Common names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicinal Plants of Gadag pdf, Page no - 90
  5. Cultivation detail

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