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Aegle marmelos - Bilva

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Bilva

Bilva consists of pulp of entire, unripe or half ripe fruits of Aegle marmelos Carr. (Fam. Rutaceae), a tree, attaining a height of 12 m growing wild and also cultivated throughout the country, rind of fruit is removed and pulp is bruised and dried[1]

Uses

Fever, Nasal bleeding, Diarrhoea, Skin disease, Intestinal worms, Cough, Diabetes, Vomiting, Cough, Stomachache, Infection in intestine.

Parts Used

Seeds, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

A number of coumarins (including xanthotoxol and alloimperatorin methyl ether), flavonoids (including rutin and marmesin), alkaloids (including alpha-fagarine), sterols and essential oils have been isolated from plant parts. Pectin is an important constituent of the fruit. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bilva
Hindi Bela, Sriphal, Bel
Malayalam Koovalam
Tamil Vilvam
Telugu Maredu
Marathi Bel, Baela
Gujarathi Bill, Bilum, Bilvaphal
Punjabi Bil
Kashmiri Bel
Sanskrit Shreephala
English Bengal Quince, Bael fruit


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Katu (Pungent), Tikta, Kashaya

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)

Veerya

Ushna (heat)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Balya, Deepana, Grahya, Paacana

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
alternate trifoliate Each leaflet 5-14 x 2–6 cm, ovate with tapering or pointed tip and rounded base, untoothed or with shallow rounded teeth. Young leaves are pale green or pinkish.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
bisexual 1.5 to 2 cm pale green or yellowish The four or five petals of 6–8 mm overlap in the bud and The ovary is bright green with an inconspicuous disc

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
globose or slightly pear-shaped The bael fruit typically has a diameter of between 5 and 12 cm many Fruiting on summer and winter

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Development of seedlings is very slow, and need to be in the nursery for at least a year. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Temperate area.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA, PART-I, VOLUME-1, page no 35.
  2. "Constituents"
  3. "Morphology"
  4. Cultivation details

External Links