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Trachyspermum ammi - Carom, Ajwain, Ajamoda
Trachyspermum ammi is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. It originated in India and Pakistan. Both the leaves and the fruit of the plant are consumed by humans. Ajamoda consists of dried, aromatic fruits of Apium leptophyllum. It is an annual herb cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. It is collected by thrashing plants on a mat and dried in shade or in drying sheds.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
The essential oil (2.5 to 5% in the dried fruits) is dominated by thymol (2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol, 35 to 60%); furthermore, α-pinene, p-cymene, limonene and γ-terpinene have been found.
|Kannada||Oma, Ajavana, Omakki|
|Telugu||omaan, Naranji vamu|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)
|Simple||The leaves are rather distant, 2-3-pinnately divided in narrow linear segments|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||2-4cm long||White and small||5-20||Flowers are borne in terminal or seemingly-lateral stalked. Flowering season is February - September|
|Ovoid||7–10 mm||The fruits are ovoid, aromatic, greyish brown||The mericarps, which are the components of the fruit, are compressed||Many||Fruiting season is February - September|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Aṣṭāṇgāvaleha, Yavani shadava churna, Sarpagandha ghan vati, Agnitundi Vati, Ajamodaarka, Ashtakshaari Gutika, Narayana Churnam, Panchatikta Guggulu Gritham, Phalasarpi Grith, Madhusnuhi Rasayanam, Mushtarishta, Mustakaarishta, Yavanyadi churnam, Lodrasava, Lohaasava, Vaishchanara churnam, Ashtachurnam, Karpooraadi Tailam, Kasturyadi Gutika, Krimi mudgara rasa, Changeri Gritha, Jirakaadyarishta, Trayodashaanga Guggulu, Dadimashtaka churnam, Saarasvata churnam, Saarivaadyasava, Sukumaara Gritha, Sukumaara rasayanam, Sudarshana Churnam 
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Requires a moist soil in a sunny position. This species is not frost tolerant, but it might be possible to grow it outdoors in Britain as a spring sown annual.