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Ixora coccinea - Bandhujivaka

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Jungle geranium, Rugmini, Ixora coccinea

Ixora coccinea is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India and Sri Lanka. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes.


Diarrhoea, Ulcers, Abdominal pains, Hiccups, Fever, Dysentery, Headache, Bloodshot eyes, Sores.

Parts Used

Fruits, Flowers.

Chemical Composition

Phytochemical studies indicate that the plant contains the phytochemicals lupeol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, sitosterol, rutin, lecocyanadin, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, and glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin.

Common names

Language Common name
Hindi Rugmini
Malayalam Chethi
Tamil Vedchi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bakul
English Ixora, Jungle geranium


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Stipulate Ramal and cauline, opposite decussate, stipulate, sessile, ovate to elliptical, entire, acute, unicostate reticulate venation, green



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2.5 cm long Bright yellow 4 stamens Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long.Calyx made up of sepals 4, gamosepalous,green, valvate, very short in comparison to corolla


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 6-8cm It's Flowering and Fruiting time is Througout the year but best during the rains Small, endospermic {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings, Air layering.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a partially shaded position. Grows best in a fertile, moist but well-drained soil. Propagate Ixora coccinea from stem cuttings 5-8cm (2-3 inch) long taken in spring. [2]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Trophical area, Sub trophical area.

Photo Gallery


External Links