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Thespesia populnea - Kapītana

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Kapītana

Hibiscus populneus Linn is a fast growing, medium-sized evergreen tree. It can grow upto 10 m tall. It is having yellow, cup-shaped flowers. It is distributed throughout coastal forests of India and also largely grown as a roadside tree.

Uses

Pleurisy, Cholera, Colic, High fevers, Herpes, Urinary tract problems, Abdominal swellings, Skin diseases, Urinary retention, Cough, Influenza, Headache, Psoriasis[1]

Parts Used

Young Leaf, Bark, Bulbs, Fruit[1].

Chemical Composition

Flavonoids, steroids and sesquiterpenoidal quinines.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಅಡವಿ ಬೆಂಡೇ ಮರ Adavi bende mara, Huvarasi
Hindi Paaraspipal
Malayalam Punavasu, Pupparutti
Tamil Chilanti, Punarasu
Telugu Ganyaraavi, Munigangaraavi
Marathi Aashta, Bhend, Vruksh,
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Pāriṣah, Kandarala
English Portia tree, Umbrella tree

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Kaṣāya

Guna

Laghu.Rūkṣa

Veerya

Śīta

Vipaka

Kaṭu

Karma

Vātahara, Pittahara, Kaphahara, Stambhana, Medohara, Sandhānīya, śukrala, Bhagnasandhānakṛt

Prabhava

Habit

Evergreen tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Broadly ovate Acuminate entire Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiral

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Flowers large 2-4cm long First yellow with a purple At maturity the flowers turn pinkish red, the spot becoming almost black

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsules Globose, covered with minute peltate scales, surrounded at the base by persistent calyx Many

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

Portia tree is a plant of the moist to wet, lowland tropics and warm subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 150 metres.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Sea coasts, Rocky coasts, Inland edge of mangrove swamp.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.1267, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-10
  3. Common names
  4. Morphology
  5. Cultivation details

External Links