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Terminalia chebula - Haritaki

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Haritaki, Terminalia chebula

Terminalia chebula is regarded as a universal panacea in Ayurveda and in the traditional Tibetan medicine. The fruit also provides material for tanning leather and dyeing wool,silk and cotton.

Uses

Hair loss, Acne, Ulcers, Skin Allergies, Cough, Cold, Diabetes, High blood pressure, Dysentery

Parts Used

Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Main chemical constitutes are chebulagic acid, chebulinic acid, corilagin, beta-sitosterol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, tannic acid, galloyl glucose & chebulaginic acid.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Alalekai
Hindi Harre, Harad, Harar
Malayalam Nerinjil
Tamil Kadukkai
Telugu Karaka, Karakkaya
Marathi Sarate, Gokharu
Gujarathi Hirdo, Himaja, Pulo-harda
Punjabi Halela, Harar
Kashmiri Halela
Sanskrit Abhaya, Kaayasta, Shiva, Pathya, Vijayaa
English Myrobalan


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Madhura, Amla, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Madhura (Sweet)

Karma

Deepana, Hridya, Meedya, Rasayana, Anulomana

Prabhava

Habit

Evergreen tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple The leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers are simple or branched axillary spikes. Flowering from March-May

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Obovoid 7–10 mm Fruiting April onwards Oblong-ellipsoid drupe, faintly angled, glossy, glabrous seed solitary {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Succeeds in tropical and subtropical areas up to an elevation of 1,500 metres, exceptionally to 2,000 metres. It grows best in areas where the mean maximum and minimum annual temperatures are within the range 22 - 35°c, though it can tolerate[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Scattered in teak forest, Mixed deciduous forest.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links