Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Sesamum indicum - Sesame, Snehaphala

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Sesame is a variable, erect, annual plant hat can grow from 1 - 3 metres tall. Plants can be branched or unbranched. The root system has a strongly tapering taproot up to 90cm long. The plant has been cultivated for its edible seed and oil since at least 2,000 BC, and is still widely grown in tropical and warm temperate zones


Infant cholera, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Catarrh, Bladder, Kidneys problems, Liver problems, Premature hair loss, Greying of hair, Convalescence, Chronic dry constipation, Dental caries, Osteoporosis, Stiff joints, Dry cough, Hemorrhoids, Ulcer, Asthma, Cough[1].

Parts Used

Seed, Leaf, Root, Seed's oil[1].

Chemical Composition

It contains the major unsaturated fatty acids were linoleic acid (46.9%) followed by oleic acid (37.4%), while the main saturated fatty acid was palmitic acid (9.1%). Sesame seed oil was also found to be rich in tocopherols with a predominance of γ-tocopherol (90.5%). The phytosterol marker β-sitosterol accounted for 59.9% of total sterols contained in sesame seed oil.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Achhellu, Ellu, Kari ellu
Hindi Jungli Til
Malayalam Karuellu
Tamil Caralam, Caralam, Carali, Caralicceti, Cinekapalacceti
Telugu Gubbulu, Guvvulu,
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Snehaphala, Tila, Tilaha, Tilataila
English Gingelly, Sesame



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.[3]



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Moist)


Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (Sweet)


Balances the Vata and Vitiates the Pitta Kapha dosha






Kind Shape Feature
Variable Alternate Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiral



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bell 2-4cm long White to pale-rose Flowers begin to develop in the leaf axils 6 to 8 weeks after planting and this continues for several weeks. Flowering from April to September


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Deeply grooved capsule 1 to 3 inch 50 to 100 or more seeds The seeds mature 4 to 6 weeks after fertilization. Fruiting from April to September

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Ballātakādi Modaka, Vishatinduka Taila, Chavanapraash Lehyam, SwarnaBhasma, Agastya Rasayanam, Jatiphalaadi Churnam, Lohabhasma[1]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Sesame can be grown from the warm temperate zone to the tropics, so long as there is a growing season of at least 5 months. In the tropics it can be grown at elevations up to 1,500 metres.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Plain area, Along roadsides, Along waste lands.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.173, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Chemical analysis
  3. Reffered by Planet Ayurveda
  4. Morphology
  5. Cultivation detail

External Links