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Senegalia catechu - Khadira

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Senegalia catechu, Khadira

Senegalia catechu is a deciduous thorny tree which grows up to 15 m in height.


Chronic catarrh, Chronic diarrhoea, Dysentery, Foliage, Skin eruptions.

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Catechin, catechu-tannic acid and tannin, Hydroxy benzoic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, 3,4',7-trihydroxyl-3', 5-dimethoxyflavone, catechin, epicatechin, afzelechin, epiafzelechin, mesquitol, ophioglonin, aromadendrin, and phenol[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kaggali, Kaggalinara, Kachinamara, Koggigida
Hindi Khair
Malayalam Karingali
Tamil Karungali, Karungkali
Telugu Chandra, Kaviri
Marathi Khaira, Khair
Gujarathi Khair, Kathe, Kher
Punjabi Khair
Kashmiri Kath
Sanskrit Gaayatri
English Black catechu, Cutch tree.


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Pitta



Deciduous tree



Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 40-80, leaflets 60-100, small ligulate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers small, pale yellow or white in cylindrical axillary spikes


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Flat pod 5-10 x 1-1.6 cm flat, straight, unlobed or sinuate along margins, thin walled, beaked at apex, brown, narrowed at base into a stipe, dehiscent; seeds 3-10, orbicular or ovate, flattened. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant for sub-tropical to tropical areas, tolerating a minimum temperature of about 7c. It is especially common in the drier regions, but can also be grown in the more humid climates of South-East Asia at elevations from sea-level to about 1,500 metres[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

On well drained soil areas, Open areas, Drier areas, Sandy soil areas.

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External Links