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Santalum album - Sandal Wood, Chandana
Sandalwood is the name of a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. Species of these slow-growing trees have suffered over-harvesting in the past century. This plant is belongs to Santalaceae family.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
Sandal wood oil contains mixture of two isomers α and β-santolol (90%), α and β-santalene, santalone, santanone, isovaleraldehvde, α and β-santalic acids.
|English||Sandalwood, Indian sandalwood|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)
Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
|Simple||Oval||The oval leaves are thin, oppositely arranged. Smooth surface is shiny and bright green, with a glaucous pale Underside|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||2-4cm long||Yellow or reddish||5||The flowers and wood of sandalwood are harvested for the plant’s fragrant essential oil. Flowering season is February to October|
|Simple||7–10 cm||Fruit is produced after three years||Five||Fruiting season is February to October|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- Vishatinduka Taila as root juice extract
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
If you are planning for the sandalwood tree cultivation then you may require well-drained soils which have a good organic object. The red sandy loam soils are also suitable for the sandalwood tree and you get the high yield crop.