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Santalum album - Sandal Wood, Chandana

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Sandal leaf

Sandalwood is the name of a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. Species of these slow-growing trees have suffered over-harvesting in the past century. This plant is belongs to Santalaceae family.[1]


Skin diseases, Swelling, Itching, Eczema, Acne, Bronchitis, Fever, Headache, Gastric problem, Chronic cough, Scabies, Gonorrhoea, Blood purifier.

Parts Used

Leaves, Stem.

Chemical Composition

Sandal wood oil contains mixture of two isomers α and β-santolol (90%), α and β-santalene, santalone, santanone, isovaleraldehvde, α and β-santalic acids.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಶ್ರೀಗಂಧ Srigandha
Hindi Chandan
Malayalam Chandanam, Chandana-mutti
Tamil Anukkam, Asam
Telugu Bhadrasri
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi Chandan
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Chandanam
English Sandalwood, Indian sandalwood



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (clod)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Oval The oval leaves are thin, oppositely arranged. Smooth surface is shiny and bright green, with a glaucous pale Underside



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow or reddish 5 The flowers and wood of sandalwood are harvested for the plant’s fragrant essential oil. Flowering season is February to October


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 cm Fruit is produced after three years Five Fruiting season is February to October

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

If you are planning for the sandalwood tree cultivation then you may require well-drained soils which have a good organic object. The red sandy loam soils are also suitable for the sandalwood tree and you get the high yield crop.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Stony hills area, Stony meadows

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:131
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Common names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 332
  5. Cutlivation details

External Links