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Salix tetrasperma - Jalavetasa

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Jalavetasa, Salix tetrasperma, Indian willow

Jalavetasa is a medium-sized tree of wet and swampy places, shedding its leaves at the end of monsoon season. It flowers after leafing. The bark is rough, with deep, vertical fissures and the young shoots leaves are silky.


Headache, Piles, Astringent, Febrifuge, Cardioprotective, Bradycardia, Influenza, Sinus Infection, Cough

Parts Used

Stem, Leaves, Twigs.

Chemical Composition

vitamins A, B1, B2, C, E, Mg, P, Ca, Fe, and folic acid. Other primary chemical constituents of Asparagus are essential oils, asparagine, arginine, tyrosine, flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin, and rutin), resin, and tannin.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Niranji
Hindi Bod, Bains
Malayalam Arali, Atrupala
Tamil Atrupalai
Telugu etipaala
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Jalavetasa, Naadeya
English Sallow, Goat Willow


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate The leaves are stipules lateral, ovate, cauducous; petiole 10-25 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 6 cm long Yellow 5-12 Flowers Season is June - August and Flowers are like bracts ovate, 2 x 2 mm, densely woolly, perianth absent


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 4 mm Clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With long deciduous hairs 1-4 {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Three strategies are currently available for the rapid multiplication of planting material. The first is to use a minisett technique analogous to the same technique used for yams. Essentially, small corm pieces 30-50g in weight are protected with seed dressing. They are sprouted in a nursery, and then planted in the field[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area.

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External Links