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Pterospermum acerifolium - Karnikara

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Karnikara, Pterospermum acerifolium

Pterospermum acerifolium is an evergreen tree with an irregular crown with thick, steeply ascending branches. It can grow up to 30 metres tall. The bole is often crooked. The tree is gathered from the wild for a range of local uses - medicinal, timber, plate substitutes etc. It is planted as a roadside tree or garden ornamental, being valued especially for its beautiful, fragrant blooms, large leaves and the shade it provides.


Headache, Ulcers, Wounds, Throat infection, Bleeding disorders, Cough and cold, Inflammation [1]

Parts Used

Flower, Bark[2]

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kanaka champaka
Hindi Kanak champa, Muchkund
Tamil Matsakanda, Thadayamaram, Turumotpalam, Vennangu
Telugu Mathsyakanda, Matsakanda
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Karnikara, Ksatravrksa, Mucakunda
English Dinner plate tree



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves polymorphous, obovate to orbicular or oblong, cordate, sometimes peltate at base, coarsely serrate at margin, entire or sinuately lobed at apex



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary, solitary or in 2 or 3 flowered cymes Pale yellow Fragrant; bracts semilunar; bracteoles laciniate, caducous. Flowering season is February to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 7.5-14 cm long Stalked, oblong, 5-angled, woody and brown-tubercled Seeds obliquely ovoid, compressed with a large membranous wing. Fruiting season is February to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Season to grow

Soil type


Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.602, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Botonic description

External Links