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Pterocarpus santalinus - Lohitachandana

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Ane golaganji

Pterocarpus santalinus is a perennial and non-climbing species of leguminous tree. Its uses include food and drink, and timber.

Uses

Acne, Wrinkles, Chronic bronchitis, Gonorrhoea, Blotches, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats, Wounds, Inflammation, Headache

Parts Used

Flowers, Stem.

Chemical Composition

Phytochemical investigations of aqueous and ethanol extracts of stem bark revealed the presence of alkaloids, phenols, saponins, glycosides, flavonoides, triterpenoides, sterols, and tannins [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ane golaganji
Hindi Rakt chandan
Malayalam
Tamil Ani kundamani
Telugu Gurivenda, Enugaguruginji
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Ksharaka, kunchandana
English Red Sandalwood, Coral-wood


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Deciduous tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple 3­5 inches long, have 5­7 leaf lets long, margin wavy and obtuse

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 1.5 c.m white 10 very numerous, with a small tinge of yellow. United near the base but soon dividing into two parcels of 5 each

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
7–10 mm Clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

The seeds retain their viability for about one year under normal storage conditions and are the best propagation material. Fruits are collected in March for the extraction of seeds. Seeds are sown in raised nursery beds. It takes 10–15 days for for germination. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, At meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links