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Psidium guajava - Peruka

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Peruka, Psidium guajava

Peruka is an ornamental, evergreen shrub or small tree. It grows up to 3 - 10 metres tall. This plant has a wide range of traditional medicinal uses and is the source of various commodities. The tree is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas around the world for its edible fruit.


Stomach ache, Dental problems, Cough, Cold,Dysentery, Diarrhea [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Fruits

Chemical Composition

Five constituents including one new pentacyclic triterpenoid guajanoic acid (1) and four known compounds beta-sitosterol (2), uvaol (3), oleanolic acid (4), and ursolic acid (5) have been isolated from the leaves of Psidium guajava.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Jamaphala, Seebe-hannu
Hindi Amrud, Jamphal
Malayalam Atakkappalam, Koyya
Tamil Goyya-pazham, Koyapalam
Telugu Gova, Goyya
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Amruta-phalam, Perala
English Guava



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet), Amla (Sour), Kashaya (Astringent)


Guru (Heavy)


Sheeta (Cold)








Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Leaves simple, opposite, l6-11 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex acute-apiculate, base rounded to obtuse-cuneate, hirsute on both sides when young, glabrous on ageing except the nerves, thin-coriaceous.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary cymes White Many Cymes axillary, 1-3-flowered; peduncles 0.5-1.2 cm long; pedicel short or 0. Calyx tube 4-9 mm long, ovoid, densely hirsute; lobes 4, unitedland closed in bud.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A berry 3 - 5 cm Globose crowned by persistent calyx lobes; seeds many, embedded in fleshy pulp {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

The guava is a hardy tree that adapts to a wide range of growing conditions from the humid lowland tropics to the cooler elevations, fruiting at elevations up to 1,500 metres.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


External Links