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Prosopis cineraria - Indian mesquite

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Shami, Prosopis cineraria

Prosopis cineraria is a moderate sized throny tree with bipinnate leaves distributed from Iran to India. Within India, it is found in the dry and arid regions on the alluvial plains.


Skin diseases, Cysts, Tumours, Cough, Bronchitis, Asthma, Piles, Dysentery, Diarrhea.[1]

Parts Used

Bark, Fruits

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Banni mara, Perumbe
Hindi Khejri, Sami
Malayalam Paramba
Tamil Parambai, Vanni
Telugu Jammi, Priyadarshini
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Shami
English Shami tree



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (AStringent), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate Leaves 1-3-jugate, glabrous or puberulous; petiole and rachis 0.5-4 cm long, the pinnae 2-7 cm long; leaflets 7-14-jugate, ovate, straight to subfalcate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Spiciform racemes Pale yellow 5-13 cm long, several together, subpaniculate; peduncle with amplexicaul bract (or 2 bracts united), this caducous and leaving an oblique scar, 1.5-2 mm long; bractlets ovate, sessile, 0.5-0.8 mm long. Flowering season is March-May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 8 - 9 cm long Fruit slender, elongate, 8-19 cm long (including the stipe 0.8-2 cm), subcylindric-torulose, 4-7 mm in diameter, glabrous; pericarp thin, brittle. Fruiting season is March-May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Propagation material is seeds collected during May-June from plus trees.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. Vernacular names
  3. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 318
  4. Cultivation details

External Links