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Paederia foetida - Gandha prasarini

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Gandha prasarini, Paederia foetida

Gandha prasarini is a an important ayurvedic herb. It is a vigorous climber with purple and white flowers. Leaves when crushed emit an unpleasant smell, which is what led to its various vernacular names.


Rheumatism, Paralysis, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Infertility, Flatulence, Inflammation.

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots

Chemical Composition

Foetida also contains friedelin, campesterol, ursolic acid, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid and methyl mercaptan 5. Ellagic acids 15, Epifriedelinol, Terpenoids, alkaloids paederine (a-paederine and b-paederine), volatile 16 and an essential oil.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Gabbu balli, hesarane
Hindi Prasaran, Bakuchi
Malayalam Lepcha, talanili
Tamil Cankai-p-pinari, Muthiar koonthal
Telugu Saviraela chettu, Gonthe mogaru chettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Prasarini, gandhapatra
English Skunkvine, Stinkvine



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Guru (Heavy), Sara(Flowing)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Leaves opposite, ovate, nearly glabrous, with a long petiole



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual White and purple Inflorescence of panicled cymes, axillary and terminal. Flowers sessile or pedicelled


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Broadly elliptic Compressed with 2 dorsally compressed pyrenes {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Cuttings may be planted in raised beds at 10 cm apart row and 5 cm within a row. Double node stem with leaves is recommended for planting in the month of August and September. Seed germination is low, around 25-30%.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area.

Photo Gallery


External Links