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Ocimum tenuiflorum - Tulsi plant

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Tulsi plant

Tulsi is a scared plant in Hindu belief. Hindus regarding it as an earthy manifestation of the goddess Tulsi, she is regarded as a great worshipper of the god Vishnu. The plant is cultivated for religious and medical purposes, and for its essential oil.

Uses

Fever, Common cold, Sore throat, Headache, Eye problems, Dental problem, Skin disorder, Insect bites, Kidney stone.

Food

Ocimum tenuiflorum can be used in Food. Leaves are used in preparation of tea and seeds are eaten raw.[1]

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

It contains Carvacrol, caryophyllene, eugenol, linalool, urosolic acid.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Krishna Tulasi
Hindi Tulsi
Malayalam NA
Tamil Tolasi
Telugu Tulasi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Tulasi
English Holy Basil


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Nutritional components

Ocimum tenuiflorum Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A (carotene), C; Eugenol, B-caryophyllene, Sesquiterpenes monoterpenes; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc.[1]

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Leaves 1.3- 3 x 0.6-2 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, obtuse at both ends, margin coarsely serrate, puberulous; petiole to 2 cm long, covered with reddish-purple hairs

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Raceme Pink/white 4 Racemes to 11 cm long, generally simple, occasionally branched at base; pedicel c. 2 mm long. Flowering throughout the year

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Nutlet 1.5 mm long Ellipsoid, dark brown Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the moist to wet, lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,000 metres. Can be easily grown from seed[5]. Ocimum tenuiflorum is available through September to February[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Warm fields.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.120, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 284
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation details

External Links