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Ocimum tenuiflorum - Tulsi plant

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Tulsi plant

Tulsi is a scared plant in Hindu belief. Hindus regarding it as an earthy manifestation of the goddess Tulsi, she is regarded as a great worshipper of the god Vishnu. The plant is cultivated for religious and medical purposes, and for its essential oil.


Fever, Common cold, Sore throat, Headache, Eye problems, Dental problem, Skin disorder, Insect bites, Kidney stone.


Ocimum tenuiflorum can be used in Food. Leaves are used in preparation of tea and seeds are eaten raw.[1]

Parts Used

Flowers, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

It contains Carvacrol, caryophyllene, eugenol, linalool, urosolic acid.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Krishna Tulasi
Hindi Tulsi
Malayalam NA
Tamil Tolasi
Telugu Tulasi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Tulasi
English Holy Basil


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata


Nutritional components

Ocimum tenuiflorum Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A (carotene), C; Eugenol, B-caryophyllene, Sesquiterpenes monoterpenes; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc.[1]





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Leaves 1.3- 3 x 0.6-2 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, obtuse at both ends, margin coarsely serrate, puberulous; petiole to 2 cm long, covered with reddish-purple hairs



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Raceme Pink/white 4 Racemes to 11 cm long, generally simple, occasionally branched at base; pedicel c. 2 mm long. Flowering throughout the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Nutlet 1.5 mm long Ellipsoid, dark brown Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Vilwadi gulika, Manasamitra vatakam, Maha Jwarankush ras, Muktadi mahanjan, Mukta panchamrit ras, Abana, Abraka Bhasma, Imidige Syrup, Kasturi Matralu, Japa Pratiyadi Tailam, Tribhuvana Kirthirasa, Nirgundi Taila, Bahumutrantaka rasa, Madhunivar, Vaata Raakshasa, Manasaamrita Vatika, Sugandha Taila.[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the moist to wet, lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,000 metres. Can be easily grown from seed[5]. Ocimum tenuiflorum is available through September to February[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Warm fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.120, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 284
  4. "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.346, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  5. Cultivation details

External Links