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Mimusops elengi - Bakula, Ranjal

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Ranjal, Mimusops elengi

Mimusops elengi is a medium-sized evergreen tree found in tropical forests in South Asia, Southeast Asia and northern Australia.[1]


Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Gum inflammation, Toothache, Gonorrhoea, Snakebites, Fever, Wounds, Sore throats.


Mimusops elengi can be used in Food. Ripe fruits are eaten raw.[2]

Parts Used

Dried folaige, Whole herb.

Chemical Composition

DPPH1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazylABTS2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)MTT3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ranjal
Hindi Maulsari
Malayalam Ilanni
Tamil Magizhamboo
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Spanish cherry


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Guru (heavy)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Pitta


Nutritional components

Mimusops elengi Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-A, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pantothenic acid (B5), B6 and C; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[2]


Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Petiole 1-2.5 cm long, glabrous, terete and canaliculate towards apex



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White 5-20 Flowers white, in axillary fasicles


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry 7–10 mm Berry, ellipsoid, reddish-brown when ripe Single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the hot tropical lowlands. It thrives in areas with perhumid or slightly seasonal rainfall types, but is most commonly found in seasonally dry habitats. Seed - best sown in individul containers in a shaded position, it usually germinates within 17 - 82 days, with a success rate of about 70 - 90%. Seedlings can be planted out when 20 - 30cm tall[6]. Mimusops elengi is available through January to March[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:213
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.114, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemistry
  4. Plant morphology
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation details

External Links