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Mangifera Indica - Mango

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Mango

Mango is a large, evergreen tree with a dark green, umbrella-shaped, spreading crown; it can grow from 10 - 45 metres tall. The long bole can be 60 - 120cm in diameter. The tree has a deep, tap-root system

Uses

Angina, Asthma, Cough, Diabetes, Dental problems, Skin irritations, Stubborn colds, Obstinate diarrhoea, Bleeding piles, Dysentery, Scorpion stings.

Parts Used

Fruits, Flowers, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

It contains the essential oil isolated from the leaves and fruit peels of Mangifera indica L. by hydro distillation was analyzed by combined GC and GC/MS. The leaves of M. indica were rich in sesquiterpenes, while fruit peel oil consisted of very high amount of monoterpenes. The dominant compounds in mango leaf oil were δ-3-carene, α-gurjunene, β-selinene and β-caryophyllene, while fruit peel oil yielded mainly δ-3-carene and α-pinene.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada maavina mara, maavu
Hindi aam
Malayalam amram, mavu, gomanna
Tamil maa maram, manga-maram, mankai,
Telugu maamidi, mamidi-chettu
Marathi aamba, am, ambo
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit amra, amravrikshaha, madhavadruma bhringabhishta, kokilavasa
English Mango

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Evergreen tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate clustered at the tips of branchlets, 9.2-40 x 2.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, linear-oblong, apex acuminate, acute or obtusely acute, base attenuate or acute,margin entire, glabrous, shiny, coriaceous; petiole 10-75 mm long, stout, glabrous, pulvinate; lateral nerves 14-28 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamous Terminal panicles yellow Calyx 4-5 partite, ovate, imbricate, hairy without, cauducous. Petals 4-5, oblong-obovate, subequal, nerves at base gland crested, free or adnate to the disc; disc fleshy, cupular, 4-5 lobed. Stamens 4-5, inserted inside or on the disc, fertile stamens 1 or 2; filaments free, glabrous; staminodes gland-tipped. Ovary sessile, superior, oblique, 1-celled, ovule pendulous; style lateral; stigma simple.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 5-15 cm long, oblong-reniform yellowish-red, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp fibrous; seed subreniform. Flowering and fruiting - January to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

The optimal climate for growing mango ranges from the monsoon tropics to the frost-free subtropics, with a marked dry, or cool, season of at least three months to promote flowering. Seed - best sown as soon as ripe. Wash the seed, dry in shade and sow about 5cm deep with the convex side up. Germination takes about 18 days if the seed is peeled first, or 30 days if it is not. Give the seedlings some shade as they grow. Plants that are raised in nursery beds can be transplanted without much difficulty before the taproot has developed to any great extent. However, seedlings raised in baskets or containers are preferable. Grafting onto a polyembryonic stock[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Humid tropical forests, Open and secondary formations.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links