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Mangifera Indica - Mango

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Mango is a large, evergreen tree with a dark green, umbrella-shaped, spreading crown. It can grow from 10 - 45 metres tall. The long bole can be 60 - 120cm in diameter. The tree has a deep, tap-root system


Angina, Asthma, Cough, Diabetes, Dental problems, Skin irritations, Stubborn colds, Obstinate diarrhoea, Bleeding piles, Dysentery, Scorpion stings[1]

Parts Used

Fruits, Bark, Leaves[1]

Chemical Composition

It contains the essential oil isolated from the leaves and fruit peels of Mangifera indica L. by hydro distillation was analyzed by combined GC and GC/MS. The leaves of M. indica were rich in sesquiterpenes, while fruit peel oil consisted of very high amount of monoterpenes. The dominant compounds in mango leaf oil were δ-3-carene, α-gurjunene, β-selinene and β-caryophyllene, while fruit peel oil yielded mainly δ-3-carene and α-pinene.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Maavina mara, Maavu
Hindi Aam
Malayalam Amram, Mavu, Gomanna
Tamil Maamaram, Manga-maram, Mankai,
Telugu Maamidi, Mamidi-chettu
Marathi Aamba, Am, Ambo
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Amra, Amravrikshaha, Madhavadruma bhringabhishta, Kokilavasa
English Mango



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)











Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Clustered at the tips of branchlets, 9.2-40 x 2.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, linear-oblong, apex acuminate, acute or obtusely acute, base attenuate or acute,margin entire, glabrous, shiny, coriaceous



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamous Terminal panicles Yellow Calyx 4-5 partite, ovate, imbricate, hairy without, cauducous. Petals 4-5, oblong-obovate, subequal, nerves at base gland crested, free or adnate to the disc; disc fleshy, cupular, 4-5 lobed.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 5-15 cm long, oblong-reniform Yellowish-red, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp fibrous; seed subreniform. Flowering and fruiting - January to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Katakakhadiradi kashayam, Nyagrodhadi churna, Patrangasava, Brihat Gangadhara churna, Ashokaarishta, Chandanaasava, Dayabin, Pushyanuga Churnam[6]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

The optimal climate for growing mango ranges from the monsoon tropics to the frost-free subtropics, with a marked dry, or cool, season of at least three months to promote flowering. Seed - best sown as soon as ripe. [7]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Humid tropical forests, Open and secondary formations.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.561, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Verneculer names
  4. Planet Ayurveda
  5. Morphology
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation

External Links