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Gardenia jasminoides - Gandhraj

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Gandhraj, Suvasane malle, Gardenia jasminoides

Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen flowering plant of the family Rubiaceae. It originated in Asia and is most commonly found growing wild in Vietnam, Southern China, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar, and India.

Uses

Headache, Dyspepsia, Nervous disorders, Fever, Febrifuge, Kidneys problems, Pimples, Lungs problems, Sore throats

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Trimethoxyflavone, tetrahydroxy, dymethoxyflavone, kaempferol, quercetin, 3beta, dihydroxyurs, oic acid [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Suvasane malle
Hindi Gandhraj
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Gardenia, Cape jasmine


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple The leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers Season is June - August

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Originally a species from warm temperate climates, in tropical areas it grows well, at altitudes of 400 - 1,200 metres[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Warm temperate area, Subtropical area, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links