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Cyperus rotundus - Mustaka

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Cyperus rotundus, Tunge Gadde,

Cyperus rotundus is a perennial plant that may reach a height of up to 140 cm. It prefers dry conditions, but will tolerate moist soils, and often grows in wastelands and in crop fields.[1]


Leprosy, Excess thirst, Fever, Liver disorders, Blood diseases, Biliousness, Dysentery, Itching.

Parts Used

Roots, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

Alpha-cyperone (11.0%), myrtenol (7.9%), caryophyllene oxide (5.4%) and beta-pinene (5.3%) were major compounds in the oil of sample A. The main constituents of the oil of sample B were beta-pinene (11.3%), alpha-pinene (10.8%), alpha-cyperone (7.9%), myrtenol (7.1%) and alpha-selinene (6.6%)[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Abdahullu, Koranari-gadde
Hindi Baranagarmotha
Malayalam Karimuttan
Tamil Korai, Korai kilangu
Telugu Bhadratungamuste
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Abhrabheda, Ambhodhara
English Common nut sedge


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent


Kapha, Pitta



Perennial plant



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Aternate Leaves sprout in ranks of three from the base of the plant



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-8 Flowers Season is June - August


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Three-angled achene 7–10 mm The root system of a young plant initially forms white, fleshy rhizomes Fleshy rhizomes many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Bilvādileha, Musta karanjadi kashayam, Mustharishtam, Navaka guggulu, Panchatiktarishta, Lohaasava [4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a moist sandy loam and a sunny position[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Roadsides, Sandy fields, Cultivated ground, Damp places.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:101
  2. Chemical composition
  3. Leaves description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation details

External Links