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Coriandrum sativum Linn - Dhaanyaka
Dhaanyaka consists of dried ripe fruits of Coriandrum sativum Linn. (Fam.Umbelliferae) , a slender, glabrous, branched, annual herb, cultivated all over India, 30-90cm high, giving characteristic aroma when rubbed, crop matures in 2-3 months after sowing, herb is pulled out with roots, after drying, fruits threashed out and dried in sun, winnowed, and stored in bags.
|Kannada||Havija, Kothambari bija|
|Tamil||Kottamatli virai, Dhaniya|
|Sanskrit||Dhanika, Vitunnaka, Kustumburu|
Essential oil (coriandrol).
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Katu (Pungent), Tikta, Kashaya, Madhura
Laghu (Light), Snigdha
Caksusya, Deepana, Grahee, Paacana, Hridya, Tridoshanut, Mutrala
- THE AYURVEDIC PHARMACOPOEIA OF INDIA, PART-I, VOLUME-1, page no 41.