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Coriandrum sativum - Dhanyaka

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Dhanyaka, Coriander

Coriandrum sativum is aromatic annual plant of the parsley family Apiaceae. It has slender stems with two types of lobed leaves and can grow up 90 cm or 3 feet tall.


Skin disorders, Eczema, Dryness, Fungal infections, Heart attacks, Artherosclerosis, Strokes, Diarrhea, Blood pressure.

Parts Used

Seeds, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Coriander contains 0.5–1% volatile oil, consisting mainly of delta-linalool (55–74%), alpha-pinene and terpinine. It also contains flavonoids, coumarins, phthalides and phenolic acids (including caffeic and chlorogenic). Aqueous extract of the roasted seeds contains large amounts of acetylcholine and its precursor choline. [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Havija, Kotambari
Hindi Dhaniya
Malayalam Kotta-malli, Kottam-palari
Tamil Kotthu malli, Arainili, Aritaravanci, Avarika, Cottamillie
Telugu Danyalu, Dhaniyaalu, Dhanyalu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vedhaka, Veshana, Vitunnaka, Dhanyaka
English Coriander


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Snigda(unctuous)


Ushna (Hot), Sheet (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Compound Leaf arrangement is alternate and there is one leaf per node along the stem



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Pink to red 5-20 There are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower and there is only one way to evenly divide the flower


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
General Length is 2–6 mm Fruit type is the fruit is dry but does not split open when ripe With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Grow in fertile, well drained soil in full sun where seeds are to be gathered. For leaf production partial shade is more productive[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Mediterranian region, meadows.

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