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Centella asiatica - Mandooka Parni

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Ondelaga, Centella asiatica

Centella asiatica is a small, herbaceous, frost-tender perennial plant of the family Mackinlayaceae. it is a small creeping herb with shovel shaped leaves emerging alternately in clusters at the stem nodes.

Uses

Hysteria, Dysuria, Insomnia, Swelling, Chronic ulcers, Cold, Cough, Diarrhea, Asthma[1]

Food

Mandooka Parni can be used in food. Aerial part is cooked as vegetable[2].

Parts Used

Leaves, Stem, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Centella asiatica has large amounts of pentacyclic triterpenoids including asiaticoside, brahmoside, asiatic acid, and brahmic acid.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು Brahmi soppu, ಗದ್ದೆ ಬರಗ Gadde baraga
Hindi Bheki
Malayalam Kutakam, Kutannal
Tamil Kacappi, Matanti
Telugu Mandukaparni, Sarasvati-aku
Marathi NA
Gujarathi Brahmi, Khadabrahmi
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bhandi, Bhandiri
English Pennywort, Coinwort

[4]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura, Katu, Tikta, Kasaya

Guna

Laghu, Sara

Veerya

Shita

Vipaka

Madura

Karma

Balya, Dipana, Hrdya, Kaphapittahara, Medhya, Varnya, Visaghna, Svarya, Rasayana, Ayuṣya, Smrtiprada

Prabhava

Nutritional components

Mandooka Parni contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-A, B and K; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2].

Habit

Evergreen Perennial

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Orbicular-reniform Crenate or sub-entire, glabrous, nerves radiating, petiole to 12 cm long, sheathing at base

[5]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 1-2 cm long Pink 5 Flowers Season is June - August

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Ovoid 3-4 mm long Reticulate-rugose 7-9-ribbed Many

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Karimbirumbadi kashayam, Brihat Guduchi taila[6], Abana, Abraka Bhasma, Chaturmukha Rasa, Jyotishmati Taila, Braahmi Ghrith, Braahmi Tailam, Manjishadi Kvata Churna, Saraswataadi Lehya, Saraswataarishta.

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

Cultivation Details

Centella asiatica, more commonly known as gotu kola, has enjoyed a long history as a medicinal herb in the Orient[7]. Centella asiatica is available through May to November[2]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Along ditches, Wet areas, Marshy and open areas.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2 by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No. 147
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.45, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemistry
  4. Common names
  5. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 121
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. How to cultivate centella

External Links