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Catharanthus roseus - Sada Bahar

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Sada Bahar

Catharanthus roseus is a genus of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is native and endemic to Madagascar, but grown elsewhere as an ornamental and medicinal plant, It is a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used to treat cancer.


Blood pressure, Lung cancer, Leukaemia, Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Diarrhea, Bleeding hemorrhoids[1]

Parts Used

Leaf, Root[1]

Chemical Composition

Indole, Indoline alkaloids, Ajmalicine, Lochnerine, Serpentine.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Vishakanigalu, Kaasi kanigalu, Smashaana mallige
Hindi Sadabahar
Malayalam Shavam Naari
Tamil Nityakalyani
Telugu Billaganneru
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Sadapushpi
English Periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata



Ornamental herb



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite The leaves are lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Pink to red, white 5 Flowering throughout the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
General 10–50 mm The fruit is dry and splits open when ripe - - Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Vinca or Periwinkle will grow in range of light conditions, from full sun to shade. They will do well in average soils.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Ornamental plant in gardens, Under trees and bushes, Parks and cemeteries.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.197, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Plant desription
  4. How to Grow Vinca

External Links