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Carica papaya - Madhukarkati

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Papaya is a large tree-like plant, with a single stem growing from 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk.


Digestive disorders, Healing wounds, Diabetes, Hypertension, High blood pressure, Malaria, Ulcer, Boils, Wounds

Parts Used

Fruits, Leaves, Seeds, Flowers.

Chemical Composition

The green fruit is reported to contain 26 calories, 92.1 g H2O, 1.0 g protein, 0.1 g fat, 6.2 g total carbohydrate, 0.9 g fiber, 0.6 g ash, 38 mg Ca, 20 mg P, 0.3 mg Fe, 7 mg Na, 215 mg K, 15 ug beta-carotene equivalent. Latex contain enzymes—papain and chymopapain and alkaloids carpaine and pseudocarpaine[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Pappaya hannu
Hindi Papita
Malayalam NA
Tamil Pappali
Telugu NA
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Erand karkati
English Pawpaw, Papaya


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Katu, Tikta


Laghu, Ruksa, Tikshna





Kaphavatahara, Hridya






Kind Shape Feature
Simple 2 ½ ft wide Stems appear as a trunk, are hollow, light green to tan brown, up to 8″ in diameter, and bear prominent leaf scars.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2-6cm long White 5-10 Flowers are solitary or small cymes of 3 individuals


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oval Fruits weigh from 0.5 up to 20 lbs Fruit are borne axillary on the main stem Usually singly but sometimes in small clusters Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds germinate readily. Papaya succeeds in tropical and subtropical areas, where it can be found between 32°N and S. It produces best at elevations below 900 metres, though it can also succeed as high as 2,100 metres near the equator[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Lower rainfall, Island, Cooler temperature.

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