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Cajanus cajan - Adhaki, Pegion pea

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Cajanus cajan L

The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.


Jaundice, Stomachache, Diabetes, Purifying blood, Piles, Tongue sores, Gum inflammation, Spongy gums, Bedsores, Wounds, Malaria[1].

Parts Used

Seed, Leaf[1].

Chemical Composition

Chemical constituent investigations have indicated that Cajanus cajan leaves are rich in flavonoids and stilbenes.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ತೊಗರಿ ಬೆಳೆ Togari bele, ತೊಗರಿ ಕಾಳು Togari kalu
Hindi Arahad, Arahar
Malayalam Thuvara, Tuvara
Tamil Tovarai, Thovary
Telugu Kandulu, Kadulu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Tuvari, Adhaki
English Pigeon Pea, Red Gram



A small erect shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Trifoliolate,lanceolate Leafs are 2.5-13.5 cm long to 1-5.5 cm wide. The leaflets are green above and a silvery grey-green beneath and are covered on their lower surfaces in small yellow glands



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 14cm long Yellow, papilionaceous Typical of species belonging to the Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae. Flowering from August to November {{{5}}}


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Straight or sickle 2-13 cm long x 0.5-1.5 cm The seeds are 4-9 mm x 3-8 mm and can be white, brown, purplish, black or mottled. Many seeds Fruiting from August to December

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttung.

How to plant/cultivate

Seed germinate in about 2 weeks.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Semi-arid tropics, Humid areas, Cold-free zones.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.545, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Chemical composition
  3. Common names
  4. Kewscience
  5. Purdue university

External Links