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Bridelia retusa - Ekavira

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Ekavira, Bridelia retusa

Ekavira is a deciduous tree. Usually it grows up to 10 metres tall but occasionally to 20 metres. The bole is up to 30cm in diameter. Trees may or may not possess spines on the trunk.The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, food and source of a good quality wood.


Diarrhea, Dysentery, Arthritis, Diabetes, Hemorrhoids, Wound healing [1]


Ekavira can be used in food. Ripe fruits are eaten raw[2].

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves

Chemical Composition

The bark contains 16–40% tannin. Presence of a triterpene ketone in the bark is reported. Ripe fruit pulp contains beta-sitosterol and gallic and ellagic acids. [3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Garige, Havugandha, Mullabengha, Mulluhonne, Siruhonne
Hindi Ekdania, Kasai
Malayalam Mulluvenga, Mullangayam, Komanci
Tamil Acavai, Adamarudu, Malaivengai, Mullumarathu, Mulluvengai
Telugu Bontavegi, Dudimaddi, Errabottuka, Mulu maddi, Peddaanem, Putta Karakasalaaka
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Akadivi, Ekavira, Mahavira, Pasanabheda, Sakridvira, Suvarika



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)



Pitta, Vata


Nutritional components

Bridelia retusa contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-A, E and C; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2]





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate 5-22 x 3-11 cm, broadly elliptic, oblong, elliptic-oblong.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Axillary or terminal dense clusters Greenish yellow 5 Some times paniculate spikes often exceeding the leaves.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A drupe 7 - 8 mm Purplish-black, seated on the persistent, slightly enlarged calyx, pyrenes 2, epicarp crustaceous; seed one in each pyrene. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

Cultivation Details

Acid treatment before sowing. Should be planted in the full sun; no aftercare is necessary[6]. Ekavira is available through June to December[2].

Season to grow

Required Ecosystem/Climate


Kind of soil needed

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.32, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical composition
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Botonic description
  6. Cultivation details
  7. [Required Ecosystem/Climate]

External Links