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Boswellia serrata - Shallaki
Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense, Salai, referred to in Sanskrit as shallaki and in Latin as Olibanum Indicum. the plant is native to much of India and the Punjab region that extends into Pakistan.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 Cultivation Details
- 12 Season to grow
- 13 Required Ecosystem/Climate
- 14 Kind of soil needed
- 15 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 16 Photo Gallery
- 17 References
- 18 External Links
Shallaki can be used in food. It's Fruits are pickled.
Many derivatives of 3-keto-methylbeta-boswellic ester, isolated from the gum-resin., have been prepared. Gum-resin contains triterpenes of oleanane, ursane and euphane series. 
|Kannada||Madi, Guggala, Guggaladupa, Guggula mara|
|Malayalam||Koonthrakum, Kuntirikkam, Manna-Kungiliyam, Sambrani, Valanku-chambrani|
|Tamil||Kundurukkan, Kungiliyam, Kungli, Vellai kunkiliyam|
|Telugu||Dhupamu, Guggilamu, Parangisambrani, Tellaguggilamu, Andugapisunu|
|Sanskrit||Bahusrava, Gajabhaksha, Sallaki, Yakshadhupa, Salasiniryasam|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Shallaki contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-C; Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium
|Pinnate||Alternate||Apically clustered, estipulate; rachis 11-44 cm, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; leaflets 15-31, sessile or subsessile, opposite or subopposite.|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Bisexual||Axillary sub-terminal racemes||White||10||Calyx pubescent, tube broadly campanulate, short; lobes 5-7, persistent.|
|Drupe||12 mm long||Ovoid, trigonous; pyrenes 3; seed 3.|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
Season to grow
It prefers dry, hot exposures of rocky hills, with 50-125 cm rainfall.
Kind of soil needed
It can be grown in red, lateritic to rocky soils of dry deciduous forests and on dry sand stone ridges.
Commonly seen growing in areas
- "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.31, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
- Chemical composition
- Vernacular names
- BOTANIC DESCRIPTION
- Cultivation details
- Required Ecosystem/Climate