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Boswellia serrata - Shallaki

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Shallaki, Boswellia serrata

Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense, Salai, referred to in Sanskrit as shallaki and in Latin as Olibanum Indicum. the plant is native to much of India and the Punjab region that extends into Pakistan.


Arthritis, Joint pain, Chronic inflammatory diseases, Bronchial asthma, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Chronic lung diseases, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Pulmonary diseases. [1]


Shallaki can be used in food. It's Fruits are pickled[2].

Parts Used

Flowers, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

Many derivatives of 3-keto-methylbeta-boswellic ester, isolated from the gum-resin., have been prepared. Gum-resin contains triterpenes of oleanane, ursane and euphane series. [3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Madi, Guggala, Guggaladupa, Guggula mara
Hindi Salai
Malayalam Koonthrakum, Kuntirikkam, Manna-Kungiliyam, Sambrani, Valanku-chambrani
Tamil Kundurukkan, Kungiliyam, Kungli, Vellai kunkiliyam
Telugu Dhupamu, Guggilamu, Parangisambrani, Tellaguggilamu, Andugapisunu
Marathi Saalayi, Salaphal
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bahusrava, Gajabhaksha, Sallaki, Yakshadhupa, Salasiniryasam
English Boswellia serrata



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Shallaki contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-C; Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2]


Deciduous tree



Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Alternate Apically clustered, estipulate; rachis 11-44 cm, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; leaflets 15-31, sessile or subsessile, opposite or subopposite.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary sub-terminal racemes White 10 Calyx pubescent, tube broadly campanulate, short; lobes 5-7, persistent.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 12 mm long Ovoid, trigonous; pyrenes 3; seed 3.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


Cultivation Details

Seeds are sown immediately after collection. The rate of germination is about 25-30 %[6]. Shallaki is available through February to June[2].

Season to grow


Required Ecosystem/Climate

It prefers dry, hot exposures of rocky hills, with 50-125 cm rainfall.[7]

Kind of soil needed

It can be grown in red, lateritic to rocky soils of dry deciduous forests and on dry sand stone ridges.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Dry hill areas, Dry deciduous forest.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.31, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical composition
  4. Vernacular names
  6. Cultivation details
  7. Required Ecosystem/Climate

External Links