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Acorus calamus - Jatila

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Jatila is a tall perennial wetland monocot of the Acoraceae family, in the genus Acorus. The scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes have traditionally been used medicinally and to make fragrances, and the dried and powdered rhizome has been used as a substitute for Ginger, Sthula tvak and nutmeg. This plant is belongs to Aracea family.[1]


Epilepsy, Oedema, Scrotal enlargement, Skin diseases, Headache, Alopecia, Wounds, Diarrhea, Eye diseases, Acid gastritis, Heart problems

Parts Used

Rhizome, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Both triploid and tetraploid A. calamus contain alpha-asarone. Other phytochemicals include beta-asarone, eugeno and Diploids do not contain beta-asaronel[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Athibaje, Baje, Baje gida
Hindi Bacc, Bach
Malayalam Vaembu, Vashampa
Tamil Akaraveci, Akkitam
Telugu Vadaja, Vasa
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bacha, Bhadra, Bhutanashini





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Ensiform The leaves are erect and flat and sword-like, bright green, rising fan-like from a pinkish base although some bases may range from white to red in color



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Spadix Yellowish-green 6 petal The tepals can be a light brown in color, are very small with squarish tips


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry Green, angular, 3-celled, fleshy, containing 1-3 oblong seeds {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Grows best in tropical/subtropical conditions. Field is prepared similar to paddy, with waterlogging and farmyard manure and the rhizomes are planted.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

North temperate hemisphere, Tropical asia, Himalayas.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:233
  2. Chemistry
  3. Leaves description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation details

External Links