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Acorus calamus - Jatila

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Bhutanashini

Jatila is a tall perennial wetland monocot of the Acoraceae family, in the genus Acorus. The scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes have traditionally been used medicinally and to make fragrances, and the dried and powdered rhizome has been used as a substitute for Ginger, Sthula tvak (cinnamon) and nutmeg.

Uses

Epilepsy, Oedema, Scrotal enlargement, Skin diseases, Headache, Alopecia, Wounds, Diarrhea, Eye diseases, Acid gastritis, Heart problems

Parts Used

Rhizome, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Both triploid and tetraploid A. calamus contain alpha-asarone. Other phytochemicals include beta-asarone, eugeno and Diploids do not contain beta-asaronel[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada athibaje, baje, baje gida
Hindi bacc, bach, baj
Malayalam vaembu, vashampa
Tamil akaraveci, akkitam
Telugu vadaja, vasa, wasa
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit bacha, bhadra, bhutanashini
English Agrimony


Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Ensiform The leaves are erect and flat and sword-like, bright green, rising fan-like from a pinkish base although some bases may range from white to red in color

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Spadix yellowish-green 6 petal The tepals can be a light brown in color, are very small with squarish tips

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Berry green, angular, 3-celled, fleshy, containing 1-3 oblong seeds. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Rhizomes.

Grows best in tropical/subtropical conditions. Field is prepared similar to paddy, with waterlogging and farmyard manure and the rhizomes are planted. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

North temperate hemisphere, Tropical asia, Himalayas.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links