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Arundo donax

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Arundo donax 2007.JPG

Giant reed is a large perennial grass with elongated rhizomes. It produces erect, more or less woody, thin-walled stems 200 - 600cm tall. The plant has a wide range of applications and is often cultivated for use in basket making and to control soil erosion[1]


Fever, Blood Pressure, To Improve breast milk, Headache, Cancer.[2].

Parts Used

Root, Leaf, Rhizome[2].

Chemical Composition

It contains Alpha-amyrin acetate, bufotenine, bufotenidine, campesterol, dehydro-bufotenine, N,N-dimethyltryptamine, donaxerin, friedelin, gramine, gramine methohydroxide, lupeol (anticancer), 5-metlioxy-N-methyl-tryptamine, sitosterol (antitumor), stigmasterol, triacontane and triacontanol have been reported.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Hulugilu Hullu, Lalada Kaddi
Hindi Narcut nal
Malayalam NA
Tamil Mudam Pullu
Telugu Adavi Kikkasagaddi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Devanala, Nala
English Great reed



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen Perennial



Kind Shape Feature
Leaves are long Flat It can reach up to 20 ft in height. Although it can be much shorter when damaged or stressed. The stem resembles a corn stalk.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Dense Large Flowering from February to August


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fruiting from February to August

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Galactin vet, Arundo[2]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seed, Stem cutting.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant is adapted to tropical, subtropical and warm temperate climates of the World. It is found in climates ranging from cool temperate wet; through tropical dry; to wet forest. The plant is reported to tolerate annual precipitation in the range of 300 - 4,000mm, an average annual temperature range of 9 - 28.5°c.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Ditches, Riversides, Marshland.

Photo Gallery


  1. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. 2022-03-29
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.1137, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  3. Centre for New Crops and Plants products, Purdue Univesity
  4. [Morphology]
  5. [Cultivation]

External Links