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Argemone mexicana - Svarnakshiri

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Svarnakshiri, Adenanthera pavonina

Svarnakshiri, Argemone mexicana is an erect, branched, annual to perennial plant with prickly stems and leaves, growing around 60cm tall. The plant has a wide range of traditional medicinal applications and also provides an oil.

Uses

Wound healing, Malaria, Fever, Worm infestation, Blood disorders [1]

Parts Used

Root, Seed, Latex

Chemical Composition

The herb contains isoquinoline alkaloids. The fresh latex contains proteindissolving constituents. Latex contains alkaloid berberine (0.74%), protopine (0.36%) and free amino acids. Sanguinarine is the toxic factor in seeds. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada arasina-ummatta, huttchu brahmadandi, mulludaturi
Hindi bharband, satayanasi, shialkanta
Malayalam kantankattiri, ponnummattu
Tamil cirikalakantam, cetikkurukku, kurukkamceti, ponnummattai
Telugu balu rakkisa, kusumapala, pichy kusama chettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit canaksiri, haimavathi, katuparni, svarnakshiri
English Prickly Poppy

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Rooksha(Dry)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

katu (Pungent)

Karma

Pitta, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate Leaves alternate, 12-30 x 4-10 cm, dissected, semi-amplexicaule, membranous, margins spiny, midrib thick. Sap yellow

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal, solitary Pale yellow many 4.5 cm across, yellow; sepals 2-3; petals 4-6; stamens many; ovary 1 celled, ovules many, stigma 5- lobed.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 4 x 2cm oblong, spiny, dehiscing apically downwards; seeds rugose. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds are sown in-situ

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links