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Antiaris toxicaria - Valkala

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Valkala, Antiaris toxicaria

Bark cloth tree is a deciduous to evergreen, small to large tree with a crown of short, spreading branches; it usually grows up to 45 metres tall though exceptional specimens up to 60 metres are known. The bole can be up to 150cm in diameter and is usually buttressed. The tree is quite widely exploited for its timber and is also used medicinally. It has excellent prospects for use as a pioneer species and, because it casts a dense shade, it is sometimes planted as a roadside tree.

Uses

[[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]], [[:Category:Ayurvedic Herbs known to be helpful to treat |]].

Parts Used

[[:Category:Herbs with used in medicine|]], stem, leaves, Root.

Chemical Composition

[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit
English


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Lofty trees to 50 m high; bole buttressed; bark 10-15 mm thick greyish-white, smooth, pustular-lenticellate, lenticels in vertical rows; blaze creamy white; exudation watery or milky. Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious; stipule small, lateral, connate, cauducous; petiole 3-8 mm long, stout, velvety; lamina 6.5-15 x 2.5-5 cm, oblong, elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, base round, obtuse or cordate, apex acuminate or obtusely acuminate, margin entire or distantly crenulate, coriaceous, glabrous, scabrous beneath; lateral nerves 6-11 pairs, parallel, looped near the margin, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Spikes Greenish-yellow 3-8 Flowers unisexual, greenish-yellow, minute, in spikes; male receptacle to 1.5 cm across, axillary, 3-4 together, tomentose; peduncle velvety; receptacle surrounded by imbricating bracts; tepals 3 or 4, spathulate, imbricate; filaments erect; anthers yellow; female flowers solitary in an involucre of few connate bracts, tepals absent; ovary superior, adnate to the involucre, 1-celled, ovule 1, pendulous; style arms 2, subulate, recurved.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 1.5-2.5 x 1-2 cm pyriform or obovoid, fleshy, scarlet, velvety; seed 10-16 mm long.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

[[:Category:Index of Plants which can be propagated by |]]

How to plant/cultivate

[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

[[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]], [[:Category:Herbs that are commonly seen in the region of |]].

Photo Gallery

References

  1. ["chemistry"]
  2. "morphology"
  3. [ "Cultivation"]

External Links

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