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Alpinia galanga - Kulañjana

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Alpinia galanga2.JPG

Kulañjana consists of dried rhizome of Alpinia galanga Willd. (Fam. Zingiberaceae), a plant upto about 2.0 m high bearing perennial rhizome, growing in eastern Himalayas and southwest India.

Uses

Indigestion, Colic, Dysentery, Skin diseases, Enlarged spleen, Respiratory diseases, Cancers of mouth, Cancers of stomach, Systemic infections, Cholera

Parts Used

Rhizomes, Flowers, Fruits, Fresh rootstack, Dried rootstack.

Chemical Composition

Essential oil, containing α - pinene, β - pinene, limonene, cineol, terpinen - 4 - ol and α - terpineol.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Doddarasagadde, Dhoomraasmi
Hindi Kulanjan, Kulinjan
Malayalam Aratta, Ciffaratta
Tamil Arattai, Sittarattai
Telugu Dumparaastramu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Sugandhamūla, Malaya Vacā, Sthūlagranthiḥ, Mahābharū Vacā, Rāsnā
English Greater galangal, Javagalangal


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta, Kaṭu

Guna

Guru

Veerya

Uṣṇa

Vipaka

Kaṭu

Karma

Vātahara, Kaphahara, Pācana, Rucya, Svarya, Mukha ṣodhaka, Viḍaghna

Prabhava

Habit

Perennial plant

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Oblong Leaf arrangement is alternate

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long pink Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and/or axillary pseudoracemes

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong pod Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled seeds upto 5 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Division of rhizome.

How to plant/cultivate

Rhizome splits are used as planting material for commercial cultivation. Seed propagation is not feasible due to low germination rate. [3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Forest margins, Grasslands.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-14
  2. [ "Morphology"]
  3. "Cultivation detail"

External Links