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Albizia amara - Krishnasirish

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Krishnasirish, Albizia amara

Albizia amara is a small to moderate-sized, much-branched deciduous shrub or small tree with a spreading crown; it can grow up to 15 metres tall. It has a smooth, dark green, scaly bark. It resembles the acacias but lacks thorns. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine, source of wood and other materials.

Uses

Hairfall, Dandruff, Piles, Diarrhea, Gonorrhoea, Leprosy, Boils and burns, Cough, Malaria, Ulcers [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Bark, Pods, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

The seed extract showed DNA binding activity, which has been found to be due to pithecolibine alkaloids, budmunchiamines. The leaves contain prodelphinidins, myricitrin, hyperin, quercitrin, transp-coumaric acid, cis-p-coumaric acid and trans-ferulic acid. The seeds contain echinocystic acid and taxifolin--O-beta-D xylopyranosyl-beta-D-arbinopyranoside. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada balukambi, beelkambi, chigare, kadusige, ruggli
Hindi
Malayalam chalavagai, oosulay, sulivaka, varacchi, varachi
Tamil arappu, arappumaram, cikkiram, turinjil, ushilam
Telugu chigara, chikkareni, chikondi, nallarenga, shekrani
Marathi lulai, lullei, thugli, lalisurangi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit krishnasirish
English

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate stipulate; stipules minute, free, lateral, lanceolate, cauducous; rachis 3-15 cm, slender, pulvinate, with a gland near the base on the upper side, yellow tomentose; pinnae 3-16 pairs, opposite, even pinnate, 2.5-7 cm, slender, rachis with a bristle at the terminal end, with a gland in between terminal pairs on the upper side or between all pairs; leaflets 20-60, opposite, even pinnate, estipellate, lamina 3-8 x.1-2 mm, sessile, linear, base oblique, apex subacute or obtuse, margin entire, ciliate or glabrous; surface appressed-pubescent or glabrescent, chartaceous; midrib more or less central, rarely towards the distal margin, lateral nerves obscure.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual heads solitary or 2-3 in axillary fascicles Pale yellow 6-8 mm long; peduncle to 5 cm, slender, densely pubescent; bracts to 5 mm, cauducous; pedicel to 1 mm, puberulous; calyx funnel-shaped, 1-2×1-1.5 mm, puberulous, teeth 5, short; corolla, 3-4 mm long, glabrous except the bearded apex, lobes 5, oblong-lanceolate; stamens many, 1-1.5 cm long, monadelphous at base, tube as long as or slightly shorter than the corolla tube, filaments long exserted; ovary stipitate, pubescent, style filiform, stigma minute. {{{5}}}

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pods 10-24 x 2.5-4 cm flat, greyish-brown, veiny, straight or wavy along margin, base and apex rotund, horned, indehiscent seeds 6-13, compressed, ovate-orbicular.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing. The treated seed can be then sown and will germinate within 7 - 10 days. Germination rate is about 80%. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Dry deciduous forest, Tropical area, Dry area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links