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Acalypha indica - Aristamanjari

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Aristamanjari, Acalypha indica

Indian nettle is an annual to sometimes short-lived perennial herb that usually grows up to 1.5 metres tall with occasional specimens to 2.5 metres. An important medicinal plant in the Indian Ocean islands as well as in India, where it is also cultivated for its edible shoots.

Uses

Intestinal parasites, Stomach infection, Piles, Inflammation, SKin diseases, Headache [1]

Parts Used

Leaves

Chemical Composition

The plant contains kaempferol, leaves and twigs contain acalyphamide and other amides, quinone, sterols, cyanogenic glycoside. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada chalmari, jalamali, kuppi, kuppi gida, neeli gida, thuppa keere
Hindi
Malayalam kuppa-mani, kuppaman-cheti
Tamil kuppamani, kuppai meni
Telugu harita-manjari, kuppichettu, kupppinta, murukonda-chettu, murupindi, puppante
Marathi khajoti, khojoti, khokalee, khokali, khokla
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit aristamanjari, arittamanjarie, haritamanjari, manshinka
English Indian Nettle
[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Herb

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves 1.2-6.5 x 1-3.8 cm, broadly ovate, base rounded to shortly attenuate, margin crenate-serrate, apex acute or obtuse, basally 5-nerved; petiole 1.5-5.5 cm long.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Axillary spikes 2.5-6.2 cm long, monoecious, rachis ending in a triradiate hood at the tip. Male flowers above, ebracteate, minute, clustered; anthers vermiculiform. Female flowers below subtended by foliaceous, 3-7 mm long, suborbicular-cuneiform, many-nerved, toothed bracts; ovary hispid, 3-lobed; styles 3, each 2-fid.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 3-valved, concealed by bract, hispid.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Waste places, Road sides

Photo Gallery

References

External Links