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Acacia polyacantha - Kadaraḥ

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Kadaraḥ, Acacia polyacantha

Kadaraḥ consists of dried pieces of heart wood of Acacia polyacantha, a medium sized tree with white bark exfoliating in papery flakes with horizontal patches of darker colour, found throughout eastern and peninsular India.

Uses

Snake bites, Venereal diseases, Dysentery, Gastro intestinal disorders, Head sores.

Parts Used

Seeds, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

An alkaloid diaboline, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, oleanolic acid and its 3β-acetate, a saponin containing oleanolic acid, galactose, mannose.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kandarah
Hindi Safed Khair
Malayalam Venkarinnali, Somarayattoli
Tamil Kovil, Shilaiyunchai
Telugu Tellatumma, Tellasundra, Tellachandra
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Somavalkaḥ, śvetakhadiraḥ
English White Cutch tree, White Catechu


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta

Guna

Viṣada

Veerya

Śīta

Vipaka

Kaṭu

Karma

Kaphahara, Varṇya, Pittahara, Raktaṣodhaka

Prabhava

Habit

Deciduous tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Bipinnate Leaf Shape is Elliptic and Leaf Apex is Subacute-obtuse

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 4-8cm long Yellowish-white Many Flowering from March-June

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong pods 10-15 Fruiting from August-February Flat brown pod seeds 5-8 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

The white thorn tree grows in tropical areas at elevations from 200 - 1,800 metres. It prefers areas where the mean annual rainfall is in the range 300 - 1,000mm Prefers sites with a high groundwater table, indicating eutrophic and fresh soils. Prefers alluvial soils with a good mix of clay and sand, though it occasionally prospers on stony slopes and compacted soils.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Widespread, Grasslands, Alluvial clays.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-89
  2. "Morphology"
  3. "Cultivation detail"

External Links