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Syzygium cumini - Jambu, Malabar plum

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Malabar plum, Syzygium cumini

Syzygium cumini is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae. Syzygium cumini is native to the Indian Subcontinent and adjoining regions of Southeast Asia.


Diabetes, Dysentery, Snakebites, Hyperglycaemia, Glycosuria, Wounds, Irregular menstruation, Mouth ulcers, Diarrhoea.


Syzygium cumini can be used in Food. Mature fruits are eaten raw.[1]

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

Total phenolics, anthocyanins and flavonoid contents of pulp, respectively. Kernel and seed coat contained total phenolics respectively.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Jambunerale
Hindi Jamun
Malayalam NA
Tamil Nagai
Telugu NA
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit NA
English Java plum, Jamun


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata


Nutritional components

Syzygium cumini Contains the Following nutritional components like - Ascorbic acid, acetic acid; thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, fructose and glucose carotene, vitamin A; folic acid, palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic, dextrin, phytosterol, tannin, β-sitosterol. corilagin, ellagitannins, ellagic acid, gal-loyl-galactoside and gallic acid; chlorine, copper, iron, Magnesium, nitrogen, phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, sulfur[1].


Evergreen shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Simple The leaves are turpentine smell, and are opposite, 5-25 cm long, 2.5-10 cm wide, oblong-oval or elliptic, blunt or tapering to a point at the apex



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2.5-10 cm White, rose-pink 5-20 These are fragrant and appear in clusters 2.5-10 cm long, each being 1.25 cm wide and 2.5 cm long


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong 1.25-5 cm long The fruit is usually astringent, sometimes unpalatably so, and the flavour varies from acid to fairly sweet With hooked hairs 2-5 {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1500 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 32°c, but can tolerate 12 - 48°c Seeds must be sown immediately after harvest, they germinate readily[5]. Syzygium cumini is available through March to June[1].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical areas, Subtropical forest areas, Wet to fairly dry areas.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.145, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Botanical Discription
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation Details

External Links