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Rubia cordifolia - Manjishtha

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Manjishtha, Rubia cordifolia

Manjishtha is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family. It has been cultivated for a red pigment derived from roots.


Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Hydroxy-3-ethyl, anthraquinone, dihydroxy, pentyl-naphthaquinonyl, phenanthrene.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಮಂಜಿಷ್ಠ Manjishta, ಸಿರಗತ್ತಿ Siragatthi
Hindi Majith
Malayalam Chovvallikkoti, Man-chetti
Tamil Manjitti, Sevvelli
Telugu Chiranji, Manjishta
Marathi Manjishta
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi Kattha
Kashmiri Dandu, Mazait
Sanskrit Aruna, Asra
English Indian Madder, Common Madder



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Ovate The evergreen leaves are 5-10 cm long and 2-3 cm broad, produced in whorls of 4-7 starlike around the central stem



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 3-5 mm Yellow 5-20 The flowers are small, with five greenish yellow or pale yellow petals, in dense racemes. Flowering from September to November


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Black berry 4-6 mm Clearly grooved lengthwise, Lowest hooked hairs aligned towards crown With hooked hairs Many Fruiting from September to November


Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

The plant is propagated through seeds and two-node root cuttings. The seeds are collected during December and January. The seeds obtained from dried ripe black fruits are sown in nursery beds either in rows or randomly by broadcasting. A thin layer of soil and organic manure is spread over the seeds, and the beds are regularly watered.[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


  1. Phytochemical Studies
  2. Common names
  3. Plant decsripiton
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Identification
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation Details

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External Links