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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis - Parijata

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Parijata, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Parijata is a large shrub or small tree with spreading branches. It grows up to 10 metres tall. The plant is particularly valued for its flowers which are used in traditional medicine as a dye and as a source of an essential oil. The plant has very fragrant flowers and is widely cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical regions all over the world. It is often planted near Hindu temples in India and Sri Lanka, as well as in Malaysia and Indonesia. This plant is belongs Oleaceae family.[1]


Sciatica, Constipation, Intestinal worms, Asthma, Difficulty in micturition, Poisoning.[2]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Heartwood, Seeds

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Harisringi, Paarijaatha
Hindi Harshingar, Seoli
Malayalam Manjapumaram, Parijatakam
Tamil Pavazha-malli, Pavilamalligai
Telugu Krishnavaeni, Shvethasurasa
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Harasimgara, Kharapatraka
English Coral Jasmine



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Leaves decussate-opposite; petioles 5-20 mm long, not articulate, short-pubescent; Leaf blades ovate or those near the flowers sometimes oblong



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary or terminal panicle Pale yellow The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre. Flowering season is Through out the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 2 cm long and wide, 3-4 mm wide Compressed Usually shortly mucronate at the apex, 2-celled, 2-valved, opening transversely from the apex; seeds 1 per cell, compressed. Fruiting season is Through out the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Coral jasmine is easily propagated by seeds or cuttings.[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:221
  2. Uses
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Botonic description
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation details

External Links