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Mesua ferrea linn - Nagapushpa

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Mesua ferrea is a species in the family Calophyllaceae. This slow-growing tree is named after the heaviness and hardness of its timber. It is native to wet, tropical parts of Sri Lanka, India, southern Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, the Philippines, Malaysia and Sumatra.


Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Contains Volatile oils, Flavonoids, Apigenin, Luteolin, Quercetin, Kaempferol, Tiliroside, Triterpene glycosides including euscapic acid and Tormentic acid, Phenolic acids, and 3%–21% tannins.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kesara, Naagakeshara, Naagachampa, Naagasampige
Hindi Gajapushpam, Nag-kesar
Malayalam Behettachampagam, Bellutta-tsjampakam, Beluttachampagam
Tamil Naagalingam, Aicilam, Aicilanakappu, Akiputam
Telugu Chikatimanu, Cikatimanu, Gajapushpamu,
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Nagkesara, Nagpushpa
English Ironwood


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Lanceolate The leaves are divided into 3-6 toothed leaflets, with smaller leaflets in between



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White 5-20 Flowers fragrant white, large and solitary or in clusters. Flowering from February to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Ovoid 7–10 mm Fruits ovoid with persistent calyx Dark brown with oily and fleshy cotyledons 1-4 Fruiting from May to October

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - easy to handle in the nursery with a germination that is good and rapid. Seedling germination is hypogeal.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2 by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No. 399
  2. Sciencedirect
  3. Plant description
  4. "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.125, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  5. Cultivation details

External Links