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Eryngium foetidum - Culantro

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Culantro, Eryngium foetidum

Culantro is a tropical perennial herb in the family Apiaceae. It is native to Mexico and South America, but is cultivated worldwide, sometimes being grown as an annual in temperate climates.


Malaria, Haemorrhages, Chicken pox, Measles, Chills, Grippe, Fever, Head colds, Abortifacient, Stomachache, Swelling[1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Seeds[1]

Chemical Composition

The essential oil from the leaves of long coriander is rich in ali­phatic aldehydes, most of which are α,β unsaturated. The impact com­pound is E-2-dodecenal (60%), further­more 2,3,6-trimethyl­benz­aldehyde (10%), dodecanal (7%) and E-2-tridecenal (5%) have been identi­fied. Ali­phatic aldehydes appear also in other spices with coriander-like scent[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kadu kottambari
Hindi Ban dhania
Malayalam NA
Tamil NA
Telugu NA
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit NA
English Wild coriander


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Perennial plant



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Non-Palm Foliage Foliar Arrangement Along Stem is Rosulate / Rosette and Foliar Base is Cuneate


Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 1.2 cm long. 0.5 cm wide White, Yellow / Golden 5-20 Flower Symmetry is Radial and Flowering Period is Free-Flowering. Flowering from April to June


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple 7–10 mm (0.28–0.4 in.) long pome Fruit Type is Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Schizocarp) Many Fruiting from April to June

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a well-drained soil in a very sunny position[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Meadows, Waste places, Along roadsides, Forest edges, Lowland area.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.193, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  2. Chemical Composition
  3. Cultivation Details

External Links