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Clerodendrum indicum - Bharangi, Tubeflower

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Clerodendrum indicum

Clerodendrum indicum is a semideciduous perennial plant. The plant can groows up to 3 metres tall. The stems usually very straight or arching mostly unbranched.


Parts Used

Chemical Composition

The leaves contain flavonoids—scutellarein (0.5%), hispidulin (0.1%) and their 7-O-glucuronides; also sterols. Flowers contain beta-sitosterol and triterpenoids. The bark yields hexitol and sorbitol. [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Angaravalli, Baaleya, Bangaali bhaarangi
Hindi Barangi, Chingari
Malayalam Cerutekku
Tamil Isangu, Kavalai, Kovalai, Narivalai
Telugu Bhaarangi, Bharangi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bhargi, Bharangi, Brahmanyastika, Phangi
English Tubeflower, Turk's-Turban, Sky Rocket, Bowing Lady


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.











Kind Shape Feature
Simple Lanceolate Leaves in whorls of 3-4, 7-22 x 2-4 cm, linear-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate to acute, margin entire or more or less toothed, apex acute or acuminate, sessile or subsessile



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal panicles White 4 Bracts foliaceous resembling the leaves in all respects but smaller; bracteoles 5-12 x 2-3 mm, linear.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pyrenes Frit 4-lobed, blue-black, 1-1.3 cm across; pyrenes 1-4, 1-seeded; fruiting-calyx accrescent, fleshy, bright red.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Succeeds in a moderately to very sunny position in ordinary garden soil[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


  1. Chemical constituents
  2. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 131
  3. Cultivation detail

External Links