Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Caesalpinia sappan - Pathanga

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Pathanga, Caesalpinia sappan, Pattaranjaka

Sappan Wood is a small thorny tree. It is having 15-25 cm in trunk diameter with a few prickly branches. Biancaea sappan is a prickly, shrubby tree that can grow up to 20 metres tall, but is usually smaller.


Wounds, Tuberculosis, Dysentery, Curing liver disorders, Skin eruptions, Pimples, Diarrhea.

Parts Used

Dried folaige, Whole herb.

Chemical Composition

tectorigenin, sappanone, 3-deoxysappanone, sappanchalcone, 3-deoxysappanchalcone[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Sappange
Hindi Patamg, Bakam
Malayalam Chappannam, Sappannam
Tamil Sappamgu, Patamgam
Telugu Bakaruchakka
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Patrangah, Patangah
English Sappan Wood, Brazil wood


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet)


Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Double-compound Alternately arranged, 20-45 cm long, 10-20 cm broad, with 8-16 pairs of up to 20 cm long side-stalks. Side-stalks are prickles at the base and with 10-20 pairs of oblong



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-3 cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers Season is June - Augustand Stamens are waxy-white, filaments densely woolly at the base


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Woody pods The heartwood which is used in medicine is light yellow when freshly cut, but it quickly changes to red Compressed with a hard recurved short beak 3-4 seeds {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Sappanwood succeeds in semi-arid to moist tropical regions[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Secondary forest, Near roadsides, Forest-edges, Limestone hills.

Photo Gallery


External Links