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Kalanchoe pinnata - Asthibhaksha

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Bryophyllum is a plant genus of the Crassulaceae family. There are about forty species in the group. It is native to South Africa, Madagascar, and Asia. The group is notable for vegetatively growing small plantlets on the fringes of the leaves.


Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Bufadienolide compounds isolated from Bryophyllum pinnatum include bryophillin A which showed strong anti-tumor promoting activity in vitro, and bersaldegenin-3-acetate and bryophillin C which were less active. Bryophillin C also showed insecticidal properties.

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Gandukalinga
Hindi Jakh me hayat
Malayalam Elamarunna
Tamil Malaikkalli, Runakkalli
Telugu NA
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Parn beej, Raktakusum
English Life plant, Cathedral Bells



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent), Amla (sour)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


kapha, Pitta





Kind Shape Feature
Simple or pinnate Elliptic They are fleshy, oppositely arranged, with a crenate margin, flattened, and the number of leaflets present varies from one near the base of the stems to three or five. Venation obscure.


Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bell-shaped up to 7 cm long Yellowish-green or pale green 8 Flowers are arranged in branched clusters at the tips of the stems


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Papery and membranous 15 mm long With four slender compartments (i.e. carpels). They generally remain enclosed within the old flower parts and contain numerous minute, slender, brownish-coloured seeds {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Very easily propagated from the planlets that grow on the leaf margins.[3]

Season to grow

Required Ecosystem/Climate

Kind of soil needed

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


External Links