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Adenanthera pavonina - Ksharaka

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Ksharaka, Adenanthera pavonina

Ksharaka is a fast-growing deciduous tree with a spreading crown of light, feathery foliage. The tree is widely cultivated in the tropics for a wide range of uses. A very ornamental plant with fragrant, creamy flowers, it is often grown as a specimen and as a street tree.


Arthritis, Burning sensation, Vomiting, Fever, Hemorrhoids[1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Heartwood, Seeds[1].

Chemical Composition

The seed contains an anti-inflammatory active principle, O-acetylethanolamine. The leaves contain octacosanol, dulcitol, glucosides of betasitosterol and stigmasterol. The bark contains sitgmasterol glucoside.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Aane gulaganji
Hindi Baragunci, Barighumchi
Malayalam Manjadi
Tamil Aanaikundrimani, Anaikundumani
Telugu Bandi gurivenda, Bandi gurvina
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kamboji, Ksharaka
English Coralwood tree



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light)


Sheeta (cold)









Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate, rachis 14.5-62.5 cm long, stout, with a gland at the tip.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary spiciform racemes Pale yellow 10 Flowering from January to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 10-25 x 0.7-1.5 cm Follicle 2-angled, acute, straight to falcate to slightly twisted, spirally coiled after dehiscence Seeds 6-15 Fruiting from January to May {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The seed coats are extremely hard and requires scarification. It can be physically removed by rubbing against a rough surface such as sand paper or by soaking in warm water for 24 hours. They can then be sowed in polybags or nursery beds.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.112, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Chemical composition
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Botonic description
  5. Cultivation details

External Links