Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Adenanthera pavonina - Ksharaka

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Ksharaka, Adenanthera pavonina

Ksharaka, Adenanthera pavonina is a fast-growing deciduous tree with a spreading crown of light, feathery foliage. The tree is widely cultivated in the tropics for a wide range of uses. A very ornamental plant with fragrant, creamy flowers, it is often grown as a specimen and as a street tree.

Uses

Arthritis, Burning sensation, vomiting, fever, Hemorrhoids [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Heartwood, Seeds

Chemical Composition

The seed contains an anti-inflammatory active principle, O-acetylethanolamine. The leaves contain octacosanol, dulcitol, glucosides of betasitosterol and stigmasterol. The bark contains sitgmasterol glucoside [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada aane gulaganji
Hindi baragunci, barighumchi, barigumchi
Malayalam manjadi
Tamil aanaikundrimani, anai kundumani
Telugu bandi gurivenda, bandi gurvina, bandigurivenda, bandiguruginja, enugaguruginji
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit kamboji, ksharaka, kucandanah,tamraka
English Coralwood tree

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter)

Guna

Laghu (Light)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Karma

Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate alternate Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate, rachis 14.5-62.5 cm long, stout, with a gland at the tip. Pinnae 2-3 pairs, leaflets 8-20, alternate

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual axillary spiciform racemes Pale yellow 10 Flowering and fruiting is from January to September

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 10-25 x 0.7-1.5 cm Follicle 2-angled, acute, straight to falcate to slightly twisted, spirally coiled after dehiscence seeds 6-15, 8-10 x 7-9 mm, glossy, red {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The seed coats are extremely hard and requires scarification. It can be physically removed by rubbing against a rough surface such as sand paper or by soaking in warm water for 24 hours. They can then be sowed in polybags or nursery beds. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links